Tag: female athlete
Do females acclimate differently to the heat than males?
While heat acclimation (HA) protocols have traditionally lasted ~10 days, it has been suggested that short term (< 7 days) HA may provide physiological adaptations resulting in performance benefits for male athletes. However, this may not be the case for female athletes!
How Does Heat Affect Female Athletes?
Females have a reduced sweat gland activity compared to males, which limits evaporative heat loss and may cause additional heat stress during exercise.
Are Women’s Recovery Nutrition Needs Different from Men’s?
Given potential differences in fuel utilization, are women’s post-exercise recovery needs different from men’s? In general, endurance athletes are advised to take in carbs, fluids containing sodium, and a small amount of protein as soon as possible following exercise to restore glycogen and hydration status, and to prevent muscle protein breakdown and increase protein synthesis.
Women’s Specific Sports Drinks: Are they necessary?
Some claims suggest women may need different sports drink formulas due to metabolic differences related to female sex hormones estrogen and/or progesterone.
Is there evidence for male- and female- specific fueling recommendations during endurance exercise?
In general, women are able to oxidize a greater percentage of fat versus stored CHO (glycogen), compared to men completing endurance exercise at the same relative intensity. However, current research does not suggest a sex-difference in exogenous CHO oxidation during exercise after ingesting a glucose solution.
Practical carbohydrate loading for men and women
Consuming adequate energy from all the macronutrients AND a daily carbohydrate intake of 8-12 g/kg-day is likely sufficient to “load” glycogen stores for both males & females.
Is there evidence for sex-specific carbohydrate loading?
Women experience hormonal fluctuations throughout the menstrual cycle (MC) that can influence glycogen storage and utilization. But what does this mean for female athletes considering carb loading?